Ircam-Centre Pompidou


  • Recherche simple
  • Recherche avancée

    Panier électronique

    Votre panier ne contient aucune notice

    Connexion à la base

  • Identification
    (Identifiez-vous pour accéder aux fonctions de mise à jour. Utilisez votre login-password de courrier électronique)

    Entrepôt OAI-PMH

  • Soumettre une requête

    Consulter la notice détailléeConsulter la notice détaillée
    Version complète en ligneVersion complète en ligne
    Version complète en ligne accessible uniquement depuis l'IrcamVersion complète en ligne accessible uniquement depuis l'Ircam
    Ajouter la notice au panierAjouter la notice au panier
    Retirer la notice du panierRetirer la notice du panier

  • English version
    (full translation not yet available)
  • Liste complète des articles

  • Consultation des notices

    Vue détaillée Vue Refer Vue Labintel Vue BibTeX  

    Catégorie de document Article paru dans une revue
    Titre Perception of Timbral Analogies
    Auteur principal Stephen McAdams
    Co-auteur Jean-Christophe Cunibile
    Paru dans Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 1992, n° 336
    Comité de lecture Oui
    Collation p.383-389
    Copyright Royal Society
    Année 1992
    Statut éditorial Publié

    Recent studies have investigated the structure of perceptual relations among musical instrument timbres by multidimensional scaling (MDS) techniques. These studies have employed both acoustically produced tones and digitally synthesized imitations and hybrids of acoustic instrument tones. The analyses of dissimilarity ratings for all pairs of a set of tones are usually represented as geometrical structures in a two- or three-dimensional Euclidean space in which the shared "perceptual" axes are shown to have a qualitative correspondence to acoustic properties such as spectral energy distribution, onset characteristics and degree of change in spectral distribution over the duration of the tone. The present study took as a point of departure a MDS analysis for complex, synthetic tones with the aim of testing whether musician and nonmusician listeners used the relations defined by the perceptual space to perform an analogies task of the sort: timbre A is to timbre B as timbre C is to which of two possible timbres, D or D'? A parallelogram model was used to select the D timbres: if the relation between A and B is represented as a vector with both magnitude and direction components, then the appropriate D should form a vector with C having similar magnitude and direction in the timbre space. Aside from conceptual difficulties with the task for both nonmusicians and composers, choices for both groups provide support for the parallelogram model indicating a capacity in listeners to perceive abstract relations among the timbres of complex sounds without specific training in such a task.

    Mots-clés multidimensional scaling (MDS) techniques / synthetic tones / timbres / musician listeners / nonmusician listeners /
    Equipe Perception et cognition musicales
    Cotes McAdams92a / 92-122-Mca-Per-VIN-AS) (92-122-Mca-Per-VIN-AS bis1-2-3-4-5
    Adresse de la version en ligne

    © Ircam - Centre Pompidou 2005.