(1) The difficulty in analyzing the process of listening underscores the great richness of information present in the world of sound around us. The main objective of this book is to evaluate the current state of what we know about cognitive aspects of human audition. The book is primarily oriented toward students in the cognitive sciences and scientists specializing in fields other than auditory psychology. Most of the material presented presumes at least an elementary knoweldge of acoustic terminology and of the concepts and methods of experimental psychology. (2) There are many ways to subdivide a field of research. The division adopted in this book comprises the following (overlapping) domains of auditory research--perceptual organization (Bregman), global pattern perception (Warren), attentional processes (Jones & Yee), memory processes (Crowder), recognition (McAdams), neuropsychology (Peretz), music perception (Bigand), and developmental psychology (Trehub & Trainor).